Excel to JSON

Some applications need to read data from Excel files. The platform provides a conversion from Excel spreadsheet formats to a compact JSON representation.

Reading a spreadsheet

Use the std:convert pipeline conversion step to convert the input file to the application/vnd.haplo.spreadsheet+json MIME type.

// get a File object from the object store
let file = O.file(...);
// TODO: Change pipeline name
let pipeline = O.fileTransformPipeline("example_plugin:excel_to_json");
pipeline.file("input", file);
pipeline.transform("std:convert", {
  mimeType: "application/vnd.haplo.spreadsheet+json"

This will convert the spreadsheet in the background, then call the pipeline callback with the converted data.

P.fileTransformPipelineCallback("example_plugin:excel_to_json", {
    success: function(result) {
        let converted = result.file("output");
        let json = JSON.parse(converted.readAsString());
        // TODO: Consume spreadsheet data

JSON format

The JSON data structure is designed to be compact, rather than readable. Here’s an example of a simple spreadsheet:

  "format": "application/vnd.haplo.spreadsheet+json",
  "sheets": [
      "name": "Sheet1",
      "rows": [
        [null, {"t":0, "v":"abc"}],
        [{"t":1, "v":1000.2}]
      "name": "Another sheet",
      "rows": [
        [{"t":4, "v":"4+8", "ct":1, "cv":12.0}]

Top level

property format

The format of the data, which is always "application/vnd.haplo.spreadsheet+json". If the format changes, a new MIME type will be used.

property sheets

An array of Sheets.


Each sheet has the properties:

property name

The name of the sheet, as shown to the user.

property rows

An array of rows. Each row is represented as an array of Cells or null if there is no data in that cell. A row may be the empty array.


Each cell has the properties:

property t

The type of the data, as a numeric value.

0 String
1 Numeric
2 Date, as a string which can be parsed with new Date(v)
3 Boolean, as true or false
4 Formula (has cached value)
9 Blank cell (no v property present)
-1 Other data type, converted to a string with default formatting.

property v

The value of the cell. The type of value will depend on the t property.

property ct

(Formula values only) The type of the cached value.

property cv

(Formula values only) The cached value. The type of value will depend on the ct property.

Excel stores the calculated value of the cell as well as the formula. It should be correct, but if other software has modified the spreadsheet, it might not be.